Docker 安装 Nginx

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所属分类:nginx

1、查看可用的 Nginx 版本

访问 Nginx 镜像库地址: https://hub.docker.com/_/nginx?tab=tags

可以通过 Sort by 查看其他版本的 Nginx,默认是最新版本 nginx:latest

Docker 安装 Nginx
Docker 安装 Nginx

 此外,还可以用 docker search nginx 命令来查看可用nginx版本:

brace@ubuntu:~$ sudo docker search nginx
NAME                               DESCRIPTION                                     STARS               OFFICIAL            AUTOMATED
nginx                              Official build of Nginx.                        12876               [OK]                
jwilder/nginx-proxy                Automated Nginx reverse proxy for docker con…   1755                                    [OK]
richarvey/nginx-php-fpm            Container running Nginx + PHP-FPM capable of…   760                                     [OK]
linuxserver/nginx                  An Nginx container, brought to you by LinuxS…   99                                      
bitnami/nginx                      Bitnami nginx Docker Image                      80                                      [OK]
tiangolo/nginx-rtmp                Docker image with Nginx using the nginx-rtmp…   66                                      [OK]
jc21/nginx-proxy-manager           Docker container for managing Nginx proxy ho…   46                                      
nginxdemos/hello                   NGINX webserver that serves a simple page co…   44                                      [OK]
jlesage/nginx-proxy-manager        Docker container for Nginx Proxy Manager        36                                      [OK]
nginx/unit                         NGINX Unit is a dynamic web and application …   36                                      
nginx/nginx-ingress                NGINX Ingress Controller for Kubernetes         28                                      
privatebin/nginx-fpm-alpine        PrivateBin running on an Nginx, php-fpm & Al…   23                                      [OK]
schmunk42/nginx-redirect           A very simple container to redirect HTTP tra…   18                                      [OK]
blacklabelops/nginx                Dockerized Nginx Reverse Proxy Server.          13                                      [OK]
nginxinc/nginx-unprivileged        Unprivileged NGINX Dockerfiles                  13                                      
raulr/nginx-wordpress              Nginx front-end for the official wordpress:f…   12                                      [OK]
centos/nginx-18-centos7            Platform for running nginx 1.8 or building n…   12                                      
centos/nginx-112-centos7           Platform for running nginx 1.12 or building …   12                                      
nginx/nginx-prometheus-exporter    NGINX Prometheus Exporter                       10                                      
sophos/nginx-vts-exporter          Simple server that scrapes Nginx vts stats a…   7                                       [OK]
mailu/nginx                        Mailu nginx frontend                            6                                       [OK]
bitnami/nginx-ingress-controller   Bitnami Docker Image for NGINX Ingress Contr…   4                                       [OK]
ansibleplaybookbundle/nginx-apb    An APB to deploy NGINX                          1                                       [OK]
wodby/nginx                        Generic nginx                                   0                                       [OK]
centos/nginx-110-centos7           Platform for running nginx 1.10 or building …   0                                       

2、取最新版的 Nginx 镜像

brace@ubuntu:~$ sudo docker pull nginx:latest
latest: Pulling from library/nginx
68ced04f60ab: Pull complete 
28252775b295: Downloading  12.59MB/23.92MB
a616aa3b0bf2: Download complete 

28252775b295: Downloading  12.84MB/23.92MB

3、查看本地镜像

brace@ubuntu:~$ sudo docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
nginx               latest              6678c7c2e56c        3 weeks ago         127MB

如果有上面显示就代表已经安装了最新版本(latest)的 nginx 镜像。

4、运行容器

安装完成后,我们可以使用以下命令来运行 nginx 容器:

brace@ubuntu:~$ sudo docker run --name nginx-test -p 8080:80 -d nginx
e93982dc24de83ce07ca86507afe9fd932d7e59f5611883d303d89fbcdd8b1ea

参数说明:

  • --name nginx-test:容器名称。
  • -p 8080:80: 端口进行映射,将本地 8080 端口映射到容器内部的 80 端口。
  • -d nginx: 设置容器在在后台一直运行。

5、安装成功

最后我们可以通过浏览器可以直接访问 8080 端口的 nginx 服务:

Docker 安装 Nginx
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